Pre-Treat Your New Fabrics!
It is very important to treat/ wash your new fabrics exactly as you plan to
treat/wash them after the garment or home dÃ©cor item is made. Even dry cleaning
can produce some shrinkage. We recommend you test a 4'' x 4'' square of your
new fabric if you are at all unsure how it will react to your chosen laundering
method. If you always test the same sized square, you will be able to check the
percentage of shrinkage.
Machine Wash Cold / Tumble Dry Low
- A manufactured fiber formed by compound of cellulose, refined from cotton linters and/or wood pulp, and acedic acid that has been extruded through a spinneret and then hardened.
- A manufactured fiber, its major properties include a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable and excellent color retention.
- A natural hair fiber from Llamas. It's similar to cashmere in its softness and luxury. Suitable for jackets, coats or throws.
- A lightweight, plain weave fabric, semi-sheer and usually made of cotton or cotton blends. Appropriate for heirloom sewing, baby clothes and lingerie.
- A knit or woven fabric with small curls or loops that create a nubby surface. The fabric has a looped, knotted surface and is often used in sweater looks, vests and coats.
- Boiled Wool
- Felted knitted wool, it offers the flexibility of a knit with great warmth. Create your own by washing double the needed amount of 100% wool jersey in hot water and drying in a hot dryer. Expect 50% shrinkage. Appropriate for jackets, vests and stuffed animals.
- A plain weave tightly woven fabric that is usually made from 100% cotton or a cotton blend. Most common uses are quilting and shirt-making.
- A heavy jacquard-type fabric with an all-over raised pattern or floral design. Appropriate for upholstery, draperies, handbags and eveningwear.
- A loosely constructed, heavy weight, plain weave fabric. It has a rough hand. Appropriate for draperies and decorative items.
- Burn-out Velvet
- Created from two different fibers, the velvet is removed with chemicals in a pattern leaving the backing fabric intact. Appropriate for more unconstructed and loosely fit garments.
- Camel's Hair
- A natural fiber obtained from the under-hair of the camel. It is relatively close to cashmere. Appropriate for coats and jackets. Very soft hand.
- A natural fiber obtained from the soft fleecy undergrowth of the Kashmir goat. Most commonly used in sweaters, shawls, suits, coats, and dresses. A luxury fiber with a very soft hand.
- A luxurious, supple silky fabric with a shiny satin face and a dull back. Generally either silk, rayon ,or polyester. Suitable for blouses, fuller pants and lingerie.
- Lightweight, extremely sheer and airy fabric, containing highly twisted fibers. Suitable for full pants, loose tops or dresses.
- A plain-weave fabric, which has been glazed to produce a polished look. Fabric must be dry-cleaned as the glazing will wash off with machine laundering. Suitable for drapes and lining.
- A fabric, usually made of cotton or a cotton blend, utilizing a cut-pile weave construction. The ''wale'' indicates the number of cords in one inch. Suitable for jackets, pants and skirts.
- Crepe de Chine
- Silk crepe de chine has a slightly crinkly surface create with highly twisted fibers. It comes in three weights: 2 ply, appropriate for blouses and lingerie; 3 ply, appropriate for dresses, fuller pants and dresses; and 4 ply, most luxurious and best for trousers and jackets.
- A glossy jacquard-type fabric, the patterns are flat and reversible. Unlike jacquards, the fabric is all one color. Suitable for draperies, curtains bed and table linens.
- A twill weave cotton fabric made with different colored yarns in the warp and the weft. Due to the twill construction, one color predominates on the fabric surface. Suitable for pants, jackets and skirts. Pre-wash and dry 100% cotton denim at least twice to eliminate shrinkage and color bleeding.
- Dupioni Silk
- A crisp fabric with irregular slubs. It is perfect for tailored slimmer silhouettes like flat-front trousers, jackets and fitted blouses and dresses. Silk Dupioni can be machine washed in the gentle cycle and drip-dried.
- Generally applied to fabric with a low nap that is brushed in one direction to create a soft suede-like hand on the fabric front. Great for tops, pants and fuller skirts.
- fabric with patterned cut-outs, around which stitching or embroidery may be applied in order to prevent the fabric from raveling.
- A non-woven fabric made from wool, hair, or fur, and sometimes in combination with certain manufactured fibers, where the fibers are locked together in a process utilizing heat, moisture, and pressure to form a compact material. Ideal for most craft projects.
- Usually a 100% cotton fabric that has been brushed on one or both sides for softness. Typically used for shirts and sleepwear.
- Synthetic knit fabric that stretches across the grain. Suitable for vests, jackets and tops.
- A worsted twill weave that is wrinkle resistant. Wool gabardine is the most common and is considered year-round fabric for suits.
- A sheer, open-weave fabric usually cotton or silk. It is suitable for blouses, dresses and curtains.
- A drapey woven fabric created from highly twisted yarns creating a pebbly texture. It is semi-sheer and suitable for blouses, full pants and flowing dresses.
- Interlock Knit
- Also known as T-shirt knit. It usually has stretch across the grain. Great for tops, skirts and lightweight pants.
- Jersey Fabric
- Usually thinner or lighter-weight than Interlock knit with less stretch. It's appropriate for tops and fuller dresses.
- A natural plant fiber, linen fibers are stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen can be machine washed and tumbled on low. Remove before it's completely dry and hang for a pleasingly casual look. Depending on the weight, it's appropriate for anything from heirloom sewing and blouses to slacks and jackets.
- A heavyweight, dense, compacted, and tightly woven wool or wool blend fabric used mainly for coats.
- An extremely fine synthetic fiber that can be woven into textiles with the texture and drape of natural-fiber cloth but with enhanced washability, breathability, and water repellancy.
- Microfiber, it's a terrific fabric to travel with. It resists wrinkling and has a beautiful sueded look on the face. The reverse has a satiny look and feel. Generally, will contain 2-4% spandex. Great for pants, jackets and heavy shirts.
- A stiffened, sheer, lightweight plain weave fabric, usually cotton or polyester.
- A crisp, sheer, lightweight plain weave fabric, with a medium to high yarn count, made of silk, rayon, nylon, or polyester.
- PannÃ© Velvet
- A lustrous, lightweight velvet fabric, in which the pile has been flattened in one direction. Has good stretch across the grain. Appropriate for tops and dresses.
- A medium-weight cotton or cotton blend fabric with a pebbly weave that looks almost like a check. Suitable for vests, jackets and fitted blouses. Also used in children's clothes.
- Rib Knit
This knit has tremendous stretch across the grain a 1 x 1 rib has one rib up
and one down. A 2 x 1 rib has two ribs up and one down, similar to a Poor Boy
A natural fiber created from wood pulp, it usually has good drape and a soft
hand. It's appropriate for tops, shirts, skirts and dresses.
- Rip-stop Nylon
A lightweight, wind resistant, and water resistant fabric. Appropriate for
outdoor wear and equipment as well as outdoor flags.
With a lustrous, shiny surface, drapability depends on fiber content. Silk and
rayon satins have the best stitch results.
A fabric with a woven pucker, this fabric is traditionally cotton, but can be
polyester. Suitable for shirts, casual slacks and children's clothing.
- Silk Shantung
Similar to Dupioni silk, Shantung has a more refined appearance with smaller
slubs. It's appropriate for tailored pants fuller skirts and gowns.
- Slinky Knit
It drapes well, never wrinkles and washes beautifully. It's the perfect travel
fabric with four-way stretch for ultimate comfort. Suitable for almost any
With a crisp hand, taffeta is typically used for formal wear like gowns and
fuller skirts. Underlining prevents some of the wrinkling it has a tendency to
Created from wood pulp, Tencel is very soft with great drape. It's usually a
medium weight fabric that suitable for pants, skirts and jackets.
- Terry Cloth
Unclipped, looped pile, 100% cotton terry cloth is highly absorbent. French
Terry has a looped reverse and a knit-like face.
A lightweight, extremely fine, machine-made netting, it is softer to the touch
than netting. Appropriate for veils and costumes.
Usually with a knitted back, velour resembles velvet, but has some stretch.
Appropriate for tops and sportswear like pants and jackets.
With a longer pile, velvet is the most luxurious fabric. Stretch velvet has
some lycra, It can be machine washed and will not create a shine in the seat or
elbows. Appropriate for tops, skirts and fuller pants.
A cotton or cotton blend fabric with a short, dense pile. It lacks the sheen
and drape of velvet. It is perfect for drapes and home dÃ©cor items as well as
pants, jackets and skirts.
A crisp, lightweight, plain weave cotton-like fabric, similar in appearance to
organdy and organza. It is appropriate for curtains as well as blouses and
Wool is naturally stain and wrinkle resistant. It can absorb up to 40% of it's
weight in moisture without feeling damp. Wool comes in many forms including
crepe, challis, gabardine, merino, melton, jersey and worsted wool suitings.